Prehistory and you may Roman Ages
Now Lunigiana corresponds to the area of Magra Lake, hence it’s administratively separated ranging from a couple Provinces: La Spezia and you can Massa Carrara.
Courtesy their morphological possess also to the strategic position, the fresh new Magra Area is definitely a natural corridor who has got seen the passing of some other peoples who have strongly swayed the brand new history and you will providers of area.
Lunigiana has looked a strong cultural title since the Primitive Era, since seen by the well-known Sculpture Stele, anthropomorphic stone sculptures dating back the latest fourth-initially century B.C., left in the Piagnaro Palace in Pontremoli.
Title “Lunigiana” was included in 1141 to suggest a territory owned by the fresh Roman town out of Luni and also to its thirty five Parish church buildings strewn in the Magra Area, Serchio Area plus the shore as far as Versilia from the Southern area and you can Levanto to your Western. This region is today described as “Lunigiana Storica” (Historic Lunigiana).
New Romans, that has defeated the latest Ligurian anyone residing this particular area, established the metropolis out of Luni in the mouth area off Lake Magra within the 177 B.C.. Luni is actually very powerful especially inside the Purple time once they arrived at excavate the encompassing marble quarries inside the Carrara. Because of the harbour these products would-be delivered to every the brand new regions from the Empire. Together with, the space is well-connected already on the Republican Years thank-you so you can an efficient road system. Regrettably, the town experienced an effective and you will trade crisis on the last millennium as a result of the shutting off of your own marble quarries and you can into abandon of harbour that became an effective marsh.
Adopting the rust of Luni no other area otherwise political energy been able to render an excellent harmonious administrative entity so you’re able to Lunigiana again.
Pursuing the slide of your own Western Roman Kingdom, in barbarian invasions (6th-seventh millennium), inside Lunigiana Byzantines conducted the latest Longobards, thus in this months of a lot castles and you will fortifications have been depending. In the event the Longobards claimed, Lunigiana passed consuming Lucca one to proceeded as well as during the this new code of one’s Franks.
When you find yourself Luni is actually suffering sackings of the Saracens and you will Normans, the newest Frankish dukedom is replaced by the a good Carolingian march, although not no political change took place through to the 10th century. The latest region are arranged according to “curtes”, outlying house attributes that have been the cornerstone about what the next department into fiefdoms happened. This type of places belonged mainly to help you rich parents, specifically for the Obertenghi, but also towards Church as well as bishops.
Within 1 / 2 of the newest 10th 100 years brand new Queen off Italy Berengario II depending the goal out-of Liguria Orientale (Eastern Liguria) governed of the Earl Luni Oberto of your own Obertenghi loved ones. Lunigiana try added onto this Draw which was not intoxicated by Lucca.
Regarding tenth-11th millennium, the newest region try split up into numerous brief belongings attributes because of the latest drama of Italian Reign and its lack of strong metropolitan centers.
Thus, from the 12th and you will 13th millennium Lunigiana experienced a governmental instability where one or two governmental organizations having said that together came up: the fresh new Malaspina family (a portion of the Obertenghi dinasty) on one side while the bishops out of Luni on the other. It fought both throughout the 13th 100 years before 1304 when they finally closed the brand new Pact regarding Castelnuovo on the presence of your own poet Dante Alighieri (who was simply exiled inside Lunigiana) since their solicitor.
Using this treaty, the bishop of Luni handled their laws over the shore and you may the low Magra valley while all of the higher Lunigiana try assigned to this new Malaspina just who yet not were unable to help make good unified fiefdom.
The grounds was in fact in reality split up in 2 parts: the “Spino Secco”, governed from the Corrado Malaspina, included the grounds off to the right riverside of your Magra Lake whereas the newest “Spino Fiorito”, talking about Obizzo Malaspina, safeguarded this new left riverside apart from Villafranca. Pontremoli try the sole city which had been perhaps not exposed to brand new Malaspina signal hence acted because the an independent Comune for years and years.
Particular common emails of that time period, such as for example Castruccio Castracani and Spinetta Malaspina, tried to unify the newest https://besthookupwebsites.net/tr/gaydar-inceleme/ region without the luck so from the 14th 100 years Lunigiana is divided involving the main towns and cities of the period: Genoa, Milan, Lucca and you may Florence.
During the Modern age Lunigiana continued to be a territory at the border of various municipalities and you can short fiefdoms influenced by Malaspina.
When Napoleon filled Italy, your regional fiefdoms had to guarantee respect on the French Kingdom, however with new Vienna Congress Lunigiana is assigned again into the Italian dukedoms regarding Tuscany, Modena, Parma and you can Sardinia.
Finally, pursuing the unification from Italy, Lunigiana took new management layout that characterizes they today divided anywhere between a couple of Nations and you may about three Provinces, and that nonetheless causes label and you may administrative dilemmas.